Pune is a hub of knowledge and often known as the Oxford of the east. Pune is also home to a number of governmental and non-governmental scientific research institutes focusing on a wide range of subject areas from the humanities to pure sciences. Major research centers include:
Agharkar Research Institute (ARI) is an autonomous institute of the Department of Science and Technology (DST), Government of India, established in 1946 as Maharashtra Association for the Cultivation of Science (MACS). Later the institute was renamed as ARI in 1992 to honour its founder Director, late Professor S. P. Agharkar. The current research and development activities of ARI span across all areas of life sciences spread over six different themes, namely Biodiversity & Paleobiology, Bioenergy, Bioprospecting, Developmental Biology, Genetics & Plant Breeding, and Nanobioscience. The institute has a distinguished faculty, modern infrastructural facilities, well-equipped laboratories, a guest house and students’ hostel.
It is affiliated to the S.P. Pune University for postgraduate research (M.Sc. and Ph.D.) A number of research schemes, funded by DST, CSIR, ICAR, ICMR, DBT, MoEF and MNES, are being operated. The ARI accepts consultancy, sponsored research projects and technology transfer programmes from public and private undertakings from India and abroad.
The Inter-University Centre for Astronomy and Astrophysics (IUCAA) is an autonomous institution set up by the University Grants Commission (UGC) of India to promote the nucleation and growth of active groups in astronomy and astrophysics at Indian universities. IUCAA aims to be a centre of excellence within the university sector for teaching, research and development in astronomy and astrophysics.
IUCAA's activities fall under two broad programmes: core academic programmes and visitor academic programmes. Core academic programmes include basic research, the PhD programme, advanced research workshops and schools, the giant metre-wave radio telescope and guest observer programmes. Visitor academic programmes include the visitor and associates programme, refresher courses for teachers and helping the nucleation and growth of astronomy and astrophysics at Indian universities.
The Indian Institute of Science Education and Research Pune is a premier institute dedicated to research and teaching in the basic sciences. It was Established in 2006 by the Ministry of Human Resource Development. In 2012, it was declared as an Institute of National Importance by an Act of Parliament.
As a unique initiative in science education in India, IISER aims to be a Science University of the highest caliber devoted to both teaching and research in a totally integrated manner, with state-of-the-art research and high quality education, thus nurturing both curiosity and creativity. Apart from classroom instruction, IISER builds student skills in areas such as scientific inquiry, problem solving, communication skills, computational sciences, electronics & instrumentation and workshop practices. IISER plans to develop advanced teaching and research labs where students will have the opportunity to pursue experiments as well as advanced research under the mentorship of world-class faculty. Eventually, this should make education and careers in basic sciences more exciting and rewarding.
The National Centre for Cell Science (NCCS), an autonomous organisation aided by the Department of Biotechnology, Government of India, was established to facilitate cell biology research in the country. Since its inception, NCCS has been performing cutting-edge research in cell biology, providing valuable services as a national animal cell repository, and supporting human resource development through various teaching and training programmes. NCCS has been at the forefront of basic research in diverse fields of cell biology, especially those addressing important human health issues such as cancer, metabolic disorders, infectious diseases, and regenerative medicine.
The research at NCCS is focused on answering these challenging health issues through approaches that integrate modern and conventional disciplines including cell biology, cellular signalling, stem cell biology, immunology, genomics, proteomics, systems biology, structural biology and microbial ecology. The contributions made by the scientists of NCCS have gained worldwide recognition through publications in renowned scientific journals, and awards including the Padma Shree, Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Awards, National Bioscience Award, and Swarnajayanti Fellowship.
The National Institute of Virology is one of the major Institutes of the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR). It was established at Pune, Maharashtra State in 1952 as Virus Research Centre (VRC) under the auspices of the ICMR and the Rockefeller Foundation (RF), USA. The RF withdrew its support in 1967 and since then the Institute is entirely funded by the ICMR. The Institute was designated as one of the collaborating laboratories of the World Health Organization (WHO) in 1967 and it started functioning as the regional centre of the WHO for South-East Asia for arbovirus studies from 1969.
Since 1974, it has been functioning as a WHO collaborating centre for arbovirus reference and research. In 1995 it has been redesignated as the WHO Collaborating Centre for Arbovirus & Haemorrhagic Fever Reference and Research & Rapid Diagnosis of Viral Diseases. NIV is also the National Centre for Hepatitis and Influenza. The field unit of NIV at Bangalore is one of the centers under National Polio Surveillance Programme conducting surveillance of acute flaccid paralysis cases from Karnataka as a part of Global Polio Eradication Program of the WHO South-East Asia region since 1997.
National Chemical Laboratory (CSIR-NCL), Pune, established in 1950, is a constituent laboratory of Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR). CSIR-NCL is a science and knowledge based research, development and consulting organisation. It is internationally known for its excellence in scientific research in chemistry and chemical engineering as well as for its outstanding track record of industrial research involving partnerships with industry from concept to commercialization.
CSIR - NCL and its scientists have many collaborative projects with leading academic and scientific institutes and also with individual researchers. Such partnership endorses CSIR - NCL's global leadership in chemical and allied sciences. CSIR - NCL as an institute has entered into Memorandum of Understandings with University of Bradford, Tufts University - USA, National Taiwan University, Lund University - Sweden, IIT – Delhi, Security Printing and Mining Corporation of India - New Delhi, Defense Institute of Advance Technology – Pune, University of Strasbourg under Indo French Centre for the Promotion of Advanced Research (IFCPAR), National University of Singapore, University of Liverpool, University of Toronto, Swedish International Development Agency, ARKEMA FRANCE SA under Indo French Centre for the Promotion of Advanced Research. CSIR - NCL scientists individually or as a team also have many collaborative programmes with various leading research groups from India and abroad.